西南石油大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2021, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 106-118.DOI: 10.11885/j.issn.1674-5094.2021.01.15.01

• 理论探索 • 上一篇    下一篇

青少年艾滋病的抗感机制研究

刘斌志1, 周海镁2   

  1. 1. 重庆师范大学社会工作系, 重庆 沙坪坝 401331;
    2. 华中科技大学社会学院, 湖北 武汉 430047
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-15 发布日期:2021-09-27
  • 作者简介:刘斌志(1986-),男(汉族),江西鹰潭人,副教授,研究方向:社会工作理论与实务。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金一般项目“风险社会视域下青少年艾滋病易感机制及其防治的社会工作研究”(15BSH052)。

Anti-Infection Mechanism of Adolescents to AIDS and the Functions of Social Work in AIDS Prevention

LIU Binzhi1, ZHOU Haimei2   

  1. 1. Department of Social Work, Chongqing Normal University, Shapingba Chongqing, 401331, China;
    2. School of Sociology, Huazhong University of Technology, Wuhan Hubei 430047, China
  • Received:2021-01-15 Published:2021-09-27

摘要: 当前,社会对青少年艾滋病的关注度很高。但是,青少年是一个多元化群体,不少青少年表现出了对艾滋病病毒的抗感特征,探索青少年面对艾滋病病毒时具备的抗感特质意义重大。借鉴生物免疫理论,基于对16名青少年的深度访谈,结果发现:青少年艾滋病抗感机制分为免疫监视、免疫预警、免疫激发、免疫效应、免疫增强五个阶段,每个阶段既包括心理层面变化,也包括行为方式改变,而且均有其所处阶段的抗感因素和核心动力。当前,在协助青少年积极防范和正确面对艾滋病风险的过程中,要充分运用社会治理、自我关注、赋权增能、危机应对、主体塑造等社会工作免疫技术,不断激发青少年的抗感机制。

关键词: 青少年, 艾滋病, 抗感机制, 社会工作, 免疫技术

Abstract: Although adolescents are considered to be a vulnerable group to HIV, they are a diverse group, and many of them show anti-HIV characteristics. Based on in-depth interviews with 16 teenagers, this paper explores the teenagers' antiHIV/AIDS qualities drawing lessons from biological immune theory framework, and the results reveal that their anti-HIV mechanism functions in the following five stages:immune monitoring, early warning, immune activation, immune effect and immune enhancement. Each of the stage involves specific anti-infection elements, metal and behavioral changes and major incentives. Based on this analysis, the research explores the functions of social work in activating adolescents' anti-infection mechanism in AIDS prevention and treatment services through social governance, self-attention, empowerment, crisis response and subject building.

Key words: adolescents, HIV/AIDS, anti-infection mechanism, social work, immune technology

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