西南石油大学学报(社会科学版)

• 能源发展研究 •    下一篇

我国油气行业监管体系目标设计思考

武 旭   

  1. 1. 中国社会科学院研究生院,北京102488;2. 国务院发展研究中心资源与环境政策研究所,北京100010
  • 出版日期:2015-05-01 发布日期:2015-05-01
  • 作者简介:武旭(1983 –),男(汉族),河北承德人,助理研究员,博士研究生,研究方向:能源资源政策。
  • 基金资助:

    美国能源基金会“中国能源监管体系:职能、机构和立法需求”(G – 1307 – 18539);国家能源局“十三五”能源规划前期重大项目“‘十三
    五’大幅提高天然气比重的途径及对策措施研究”(专题9)。

Thoughts on the Objective Design for the Regulatory#br# System in Oil and Gas Industry in China

Wu Xu   

  1. 1.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,Beijing 102488,China;
    2.Institute of Resources and Environment Policies,DRC,Beijing,100010,China
  • Online:2015-05-01 Published:2015-05-01

摘要:

油气作为重要的战略性资源,关系国计民生,而油气行业由于其自身的技术经济特点,需要在自然垄断环节
和安全环保方面加强监管。基于系统的分析,本文提出了我国油气行业监管体系的目标设计,探索了我国油气行业未
来10 年(2015—2025 年)的监管改革路线图。具体而言,2015—2020 年,抓紧修订和补充有关法律法规,完善目前油
气管理体制和监管体系,改进现行油气行业监管措施,逐步形成“政监合一,内部相对分离”的监管格局;实现油气勘
探开发、进出口、炼油、流通、天然气批发、基础设施建设和服务的公开准入等;2021—2025 年,出台新的法律法规,完
善油气管理体制,采用高级别、集中的能源管理模式,对油气行业实行统一的宏观管理,并按政监分离的原则,组建独
立的、专业化的油气监管机构等。

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关键词: 油气行业, 油气管理行政法规, 能源管理模式, 政监分离, 经济性监管

Abstract:

Oil and gas,as important strategic resources,are related to national economy and people’s livelihood. The oil and
gas industry,due to its technical and economic characteristics,needs to strengthen supervision in natural monopoly aspects
and safety and environmental protection. Based on systematical analysis,this report has developed a roadmap for regulatory
reform in the next decade(2015—2025)on China’s oil and gas industry. Specifically,in the years between 2015 and 2020,
the main task is to amend the current laws and rules,and to improve current energy administration and regulatory system
to fully prepare for the progressive transition to a regulatory pattern with unified but internally separated policy-making and
regulation relationship;to open access to the fields of oil and gas exploration and development,oil and gas import and export,
oil refinery,circulation,gas wholesale and infrastructure construction and service. In the years between 2021 and 2025,new
fundamental laws and rules are to be developed so as to implement macro-management for oil and gas industry with concentrated
energy management mode,and according to the principle of separation of policy-making and regulation,an independent and
specialized oil and gas regulatory institution is to be established.

Key words: oil and gas industry, administrative rules and regulations concerning oil and gas management, energy management
pattern,
separation of policy-making and regulation, economic supervision