西南石油大学学报(社会科学版)

• 政治学与社会学 • 上一篇    下一篇

才凤伟   

  1. 中央编译局比较政治与经济研究中心,北京100032
  • 出版日期:2015-07-01 发布日期:2015-07-01
  • 作者简介:才凤伟(1983 ),男(汉族),辽宁朝阳人,助理研究员,博士,研究方向:社会组织、社区治理。
  • 基金资助:

    中央编译局哲学社会科学研究项目“社会治理视野下城市移民的公共参与研究”(14C09)。

A Situation Analysis of Migrant Workers’Entrepreneurship in Cities#br# from the Social Governance Perspective

  • Online:2015-07-01 Published:2015-07-01

摘要:

2008 年金融危机后,农民工的创业问题受到政府和相关部门的高度关注,从社会学视角研究农民工的城市创
业,认为城市创业是农民工对自身所处情境进行定义并付诸行动的实践过程。研究发现,“打工经济”构成了农民工创
业前的情境约束,同业竞争是农民工创业者难以逾越的市场条件,伦理导向下的“理性小农”成为指导农民工城市创业
的行为准则,因此,农民工在创业过程中需要对这些情境进行定义并发展出相应的行事路径和行为方式。受制于国家
政策的影响,尤其是户籍制度的深层障碍,农民工城市创业面临困境,因而切实改善农民工创业的宏观政策环境,为农
民工营造良好的创业氛围,成为政府必须重视的问题。

Abstract:

After the financial crisis in 2008,migrant workers’entrepreneurship in cities has been given close attention to
by the government and relevant departments. Seen from the view of sociology,migrant workers’entrepreneurship in cities
is how they define their situation and respond to that. The study reveals that“working economy”constitutes the constraints
on rural migrant workers’entrepreneurship;competition is the market condition which is difficult for migrant entrepreneurs to
overcome,and farmer rationality is the code of conduct of rural migrant workers’entrepreneurship in cities. So migrant workers
need to define the situation in the process of set up their business in cities and act accordingly. Due to the obstacles of national
policy,especially the household registration system,rural migrant workers are faced with many difficulties. Therefore,the
government must endeavor to improve the policy environment and to create a favorable atmosphere for migrant workers to start
their business in cities.

Key words: migrant workers, venture in cities, social governance, the route to entrepreneurship, situation for starting business